The Compassionate Use of Medical Cannabis Pilot Program Act has outlined where medical marijuana dispensaries and cultivation centers cannot be located. Yet the burden is left up to the communities on where these facilities are to be located. The Pilot Program requires a cultivation center cannot be located within 2,500 feet of a school, daycare facility or within a residentially zoned area. A dispensary cannot be located within 1000 feet of a school, daycare facility or within a residentially zoned area. Utilizing GIS, the Village of Lincolnshire was able to determine what areas of the Village were restricted by applying a 1,000 foot and 2,500 foot buffer around the daycare facilities.
The analysis provided a clear picture that a cultivation center cannot exist within the Village, but a number of areas within the Village could develop a dispensary. The 1,000 foot buffer had little impact on the main commercial district of the Village. Once this analysis was given to the Zoning Board they concluded a dispensary could only be located in the main commercial district (O/Id). Displaying which parcels were vacant or available in that commercial district would present exactly which properties could be developed into a medical marijuana dispensary. GIS allows a community to confidently and efficiently plan for one of the most restrictive medical marijuana programs in the country, and recognize they are entirely within the law.